We’re going back to Kyushu in this week’s Exploring Japan with Nagasaki.
Nagasaki prefecture is situated on the northwest part of Kyushu and consists of peninsulas and many islands on the East China Sea. The population is 1,407,904. The capital city is Nagasaki. The five largest cities are:
The population of Nagasaki and its cities has been declining for quite a long time, since at least the 80s.
Kushima Castle in Omura is the remains of a castle with a reconstructed turret. The walls are in great shape, so it’s probably worth seeing. The grounds are now a park.
Things to see and do
Nagasaki is probably most famous for the second atomic bombing by the Americans in World War II. However, it’s got a rich history with a connection with Europe, particularly Portugal and the Netherlands. It also has the largest proportion of Catholic people in Japan.
Nagasaki city has a lot to see and do. The 1945 bombing is commemorated by a couple places. First is the Atomic Bomb Museum. Also, try the Nagasaki National Peace Memorial Hall for the Atomic Bomb Victims and the Oka Masaharu Memorial Nagasaki Peace Museum. And of course, the Nagasaki Peace Park. For some foreign flavour, there’s also plenty to see. Glover Garden is a collection of European style houses from the 19th century. The Twenty-Six Martyrs Museum and Monument is a memorial for the 20 Japanese and 6 foreign missionaries that were crucified in the 16th century. Koshibyo Confucius Shrine is the only Confucius shrine that the Chinese built outside of China. Sofukuji temple was also constructed by the Chinese, though they were residents of Nagasaki. Oura Catholic Church is the oldest church in Japan, though it’s no longer a church. Urakami Cathedral is a reconstruction of the original, having been destroyed in the bombing. Dejima was the only port in Japan that remained open to the Dutch, and is now a reproduction of the original, allowing you to walk around and see what it was like. Nagasaki Chinatown is the oldest Chinatown in Japan. For something more Japanese or contemporary, there’s plenty to offer. From the top of Inasayama, you get an amazing view of Nagasaki, and it’s considered one of the top 3 night views in Japan. Nagasaki Penguin Aquarium is a very good aquarium that’s next to the beach. Suwa Shrine is a good place to visit. The Kofukuji temple was one of the only historic places to escape destruction. Also enjoy the Nagasaki Museum of History and Culture, as well as the Nagasaki Prefectural Art Museum. Off shore, there’s an island called Hashima. It’s nicknamed Gunkanjima, Battleship Island. The small island is actually a ghost town, the abandoned ruins of a tiny mining city that used to be the most densely populated place in the world. Enjoy the Lantern Festival, a Chinese festival featuring thousands of Chinese lanterns. Also, Kunchi, Nagasaki’s biggest festival with plenty of food and floats.
Sasebo, the second largest city, also has a bit of foreignness about it. Apart from the US Naval base, there’s plenty of tourists. The biggest draw is Huis Ten Bosch, the Dutch-themed amusement park. Sasebo Zoological Park and Botanical Garden is decent, hosting plenty of plants. Pearl Island Resort is a small shopping mall, and you can also see the small Sasebo Aquarium and IMAX Theater. To see the history of Japan’s Self-Defense Forces, check out the Japan Maritime Self Defense Forces Museum. You can also go on a tour of the Kujuku Islands by boat.
Shimabara, next to Minamishimabara, has a few things to see. In addition to Shimabara Castle, there’s also Hara Castle Ruins, which consists of foundations and remnants of the Shimabara Rebellion. The main attraction is Unzen-Amakusa National park. Mt. Unzen is an active volcano, and you can also visit the Mt. Unzen Disaster Memorial Hall. Mizunashi-honjin Fukae has 11 well-preserved houses that were quickly covered by pyroclastic flows, but are now available for public viewing.
Tsushima is a city that is also an island. It’s a fairly big island that’s located halfway between Japan and South Korea. The island has some good things to see. The Arirang Festival is a Korean-Japanese friendship festival that has unfortunately had a problem, and is suspended for at least 2013. Tsushima Wildlife Conservation Center is dedicated to only one animal, the Tsushima yamaneko, or Tsushima leopard cat. Ayumodoshi Nature Park is a good place to go hiking, swimming, and camping. Tsutsuzaki-Osakiyama Park provides a beautiful view of the sea. Tsushima has numerous small mountains that can be hiked, as well as many places to go biking. There are plenty of beaches to enjoy, as well.
The local favourite in Nagasaki is champon, which is similar to ramen, but uses a lot of seafood. Ringer Hut is a chain restaurant throughout Japan that specialises in Nagasaki champon.
Have you been to Nagasaki? Leave a comment with your recommendations!